People and Cultures of the world

Geography
European Climates
Relatively mild
warm ocean currents: Gulf stream, north Atlantic drift
weasterly winds
Population
530 million
Population issues
declining population
advanced postindustrial
birth dearth
Immigration
15 million immigrants in Europe from Turkey, India, Pakistam, Sri Lanka, the caribbean, sub-saharan Africa
guest workers
Recruited to work in germany, France, Sweden, Switzerland during chronic labor shortages.
Population Issues:
State multicultaralism
(has failed)
Encouraged people of different cultures to live separate lives apart from each other and apart from the mainstream.
-Failed to provide a vision of society
-Tolerated communities behaving in ways that run counter to values.
-hands off tolerance
-salad bowl
working toward assimilation, social cohesion, integration
UK: national history exams for citizenship
netherlands: an offical national history program
baden-wurttemberg Germany: values testing
France, UK banning the burka
Geopolitics
Europe’s political geography has changed more drastically than any other world region during the last 100 years
war in Europe
WWI
WWII
cold war
capitalist west vs communist soviet union
north atlantic treaty organization vs. Warsaw pact countries
Iron curtain: capitalist democracies to the west–communist USSR to east
Iron Curtain
Capitalist democracies to the west communist ussr to east
Cold War
berlin wall fell in 1989 soviet union fell in 1991 end of cold war.
balkanizatiion
fragmentation of larger states into smaller ones through independence of smaller regions and ethnic groups
shatterbelt
region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals
supranationsalism
member countires are united beyond the authority of anys ingle national government and are planned and controlled by a group of nations
European Union
federation of natins similar to the United States
Euro
common currency for 13 eurozone countries (not UK, Sweden, Denmark)
Schengen agreement:
almost unrestricted travel across borders
EU
450 million people/ 10 trillion economy
Supranationalism
Member countires are united beyond the authority of any single national government and are planned and controlled by a group of nations
supernationalism
member countries are united beyond the authority of any single national government and are planned and controlled by a group of nations

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