Physical Characteristics

Geography
Peninsula
a piece of land that is almost entirely surrounded by water but is connected to the mainland on one side.
island
any area of land smaller than a continent and entirely surrounded by water.
archipelago
a group of islands closely scattered in a body of water. Usually, this body of water is the ocean, but it can also be a lake or river.
continent
One of seven very large landmasses on Earth that make up a region. Generally identified by convention rather than any strict criteria.
rift
A gap or space made by cleaving or splitting.  A long narrow zone of faulting resulting from tensional stress in the earth’s crust.
coral reef
A mound or ridge of skeletons and calcium carbonate deposits.  They form in warm, shallow sea waters and provide food and shelter to a wide variety of fish and invertebrates.
desert
a landscape form or region that receives very little precipitation (rainfall).  Part of an arid (dry) climate.
oasis
an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source, such as a pond or small lake.  Can provide habitat for animals and even humans if the area is big enough.
isthmus
a narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, connecting two larger bodies of land.
climate zone
Divisions of the Earth’s climates into general zones according to average temperatures and average rainfall. Examples on the Earth are the polar, temperate, and tropical zones.
fjord
A long, narrow, winding inlet from the sea between steep slopes of a mountainous coast.

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