shswg telrod

51. Gender Role
Roles specifically assigned to men or women in a culture.
52. Urban
Referring to a city setting, usually has a high population density and diverse cultures.
53. Ural
Mountain range that runs through western  Russia and is considered to be the dividing line between Europe and Asia.
54. Multicultural
Containing a mix of peoples and culture.
55. Social Class
Divisions of a cultures people based on wealth, power and prestige
56. Social mobility 
Refers to how easy or hard it is to change one’s social class within a culture.
57. Cultural Regions
Region where people share common cultural characteristics.
58. Functional Region
Area defined by one function that may cross political boundaries. Often they are organized  around a focal point such as a city.
59. Perceptual Region
Based on people’s attitudes and emotion about a place. Ex: The “deep south”
60. Middle East
Region that ;at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
61. Suez Canal
Canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea and shortens the traveling distance between Europe and Asia.
62. Latin America
Applies to all of the Americas south of the United States. It has 4 main areas, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies (Caribbean) and South America.
63. Panama Canal;
An important human-made feature in this region that goes ;through the isthmus of Panama joining the Atlantic ;and Pacific Oceans and serves as a major route for international trade.
64. Sub-Saharan Africa
The areas of Africa south of the Sahara Desert. Many different ethnic groups with animistic, Christian, and Islamic religions; many affected by the slave trade and colonization.
65. Oceania
The Pacific Islands of New Zealand;
(colonized by the British) and other smaller nations like Tahiti that are spread across the South Pacific.
66. Demography
The study of population.
67. Urbanization
The movement of greater numbers of people into cities.
68. Settlement Patterns
Human factors affect where people settle, like having a capital city at a central location; location along transportation routes; new technology can override physical barriers, and natural resources can attract settlers to an otherwise unfavorable area.
69. Population Density
How many people live in a given area.
70. Population Pyramid
A visual that compares the number of males in a society and it includes the average ages of its members. Each group will be represented by a different bar.
71. Shanty Town
A slum settlement where poor people live in dwellings made from scrap materials -such as plywood, corrugated metal and plastic sheets.
73. Push and Pull Factors
the majors reasons for migration that either “push” people out of their old location while “pull” factors lure migrants to a new location. Ex: push- poverty, politcal conflict,;environmental factors, oppression. Ex: Pull- freedom, economic opportunity;(jobs) cultural ties.
74. Social factors
oncern how people organize into groups, such as religious groups.
75. Ethnic Persecution
when they need to migrate due to being persecuted for being members of a particular ethnic group.;Ex: Rwandans needed to flee to neighboring countries to avoid being massacred
76. Religious Persecution
;when religious minorities have to leave a place due to their beliefs.
;77. Environmental Factors
migration due to the environment, like a drought, crop failures, floods, fires, earthquakes that force people to migrate.
;78. Forced Migration
when a migration is forced such as the Atlantic Slave Trade. This migration has accompanied war and the persecution of people throughout most of history.
;79. Physical Barriers
natural features that were once a migration to human migration. Examples are mountains, deserts or dense forests.
;80. Land bridge
a natural feature where people used to be able to walk from one land mass to another, like across the Bering Strait now that used to be a land bridge from Asia to North America ( Alaska area)
81. Diffusion
how something diffuses or spreads
82. Spatial exchange
(Cultural Diffusion) when ideas, products, and even cultural traits can spread from one culture to another.
83. Columbian Exchange
when new plants, animals, ideas and even diseases were exchanged between the peoples of the Americas and those of Europe.
84. Cultural Convergence
when different cultures exchange ideas and become more similar.
85. Cultural Divergence
when different cultural influences cause an area to divide into separate parts.
86. Pandemic
an epidemic over a wide geographic area.

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