South Asia Flashcards

Geography
Subcontinent
a large, relatively self-contained landmass forming a subdivision of a continent
Sanskrit
an Indo-European, Indic language, in use since c1200 b.c. as the religious and classical literary language of India.
Pantheon
a domed circular temple at Rome, erected a.d. 120–124 by Hadrian, used as a church since a.d. 609.
Sepoys
a native soldier, usually an infantryman, in the service of Europeans, esp. of the British.
Boycott
to combine in abstaining from, or preventing dealings with, as a means of intimidation or coercion
Partition
a division into or distribution in portions or shares.
Reincarnation
the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.

Dharma

essential quality or character, as of the cosmos or one’s own nature.
Karma
action, seen as bringing upon oneself inevitable results, good or bad, either in this life or in a reincarnation: in Hinduism one of the means of reaching Brahman.
Caste
an endogamous and hereditary social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, etc., and having mores distinguishing it from other such groups
Cottage industries
the production, for sale, of goods at home, as the making of handicrafts by rural families.
Jute
a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family.
Storm Surge
an abnormal rise in the level of the sea along a coast caused by the onshore winds of a severe cyclone.
Protectorate
the relation of a strong state toward a weaker state or territory that it protects and partly controls.
Graphite
a very common mineral, soft native carbon, occurring in black to dark-gray foliated masses, with metallic luster and greasy feel: used for pencil leads, as a lubricant, and for making crucibles and other refractories; plumbago; black lead.

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