Sustainable Communtities

Geography
sustainability
The use of resourcses in such a way that they can be conserved and kept available for future generations.
Liveability
The quality of the natural environment in which a community is living eg Health, Education, Employment
Suburbinisation
Industry moves from the inner city to the outskirts. People follow and population grows in outer suburbs, decreasing in the inner city
Reurbinisation
Population growth in the inner city as new economy industry moves there. Population is usually young professionals who enjoy cafe lifestyle
Gentrification
Old dilapidated properties are renovated usually increasing their price significantly
Gentrification
Old dilapidated properties are renovated usually increasing their price significantly
Implication of Global Warming for Sea Change Communities
-Exposed to sea level rise and increased frewuency and velocity of extreme weather events
-maintenence on infastructure due to increased pressure from extreme weather events
-Temporary housing often found in these communities are at particular risk in the event of a natural disaster
-Inhabitants are often older or poor making them less able to adapt to climate risk
Cope with Climate Change
-Assessments need to be made at local and regional level about decisions and actions.
-Vulnerability of plants and animals need to be assessed
-New building developments need to be eco-friendly with carbon outputs reduced
-Alternative transport other than cars needs to be increased
Economic Sustainability
Sufficent levels of economic development to satisfy peoples material needs, reduce poverty and equality both now and in the future
Social Sustainability
Ensuring that people are able to lead ealthy productive healthy lives, participating fully in the societies in which the live
Ecological Sustainability
protection of air, water, soil and biodiversity upon which we all utimately depend
Metabolism something rather
The flow of resources in a settlement and the waste outpits from it. These all depend on the Dynamics ofa the settlement. usually Dynamics increase the resource use overall liveablitiy and waste output.
Ecological Footprint
An estimate of the total amount of land needed to sustain the activities of people living in a settlement, region or country. AKA the overall impact environmentally of human communities
Sea Change Phenomenom Push Factors
-pace and congestion of city living
-unaffordable housing in metropolitan areas
-unemployment
Sea Change Phenomenom Pull Factors
-Better climate
-Affordable housing
-Relaxed lifestyle
Sunbelt
Used to describe a large number of people moving to an area for ‘lifestyle’ reasons
Infastructure
The underlying framework or foundation of a settlement upon which it relies for everyday life eg. roads, bridges, telecommunications
The Industrial Revolution in relation to infastructure
As technology advanced, infastructure changed to accomadate. Railways and ports for trade became more frequent and when the motor vehicle was invented existing roads needed upgraded and new roads need to be built
Economic, Social and ecological issues with motor vehicles
Cost of infastructure, time costs-congestion, transportation cost, loss of land due to parking, roads etc, SOCIAL, less community interaction, less urban culture, inequities associated with being careless, ECOLOGICAL effects on atmospheric quality, urban sprawl, impact of traffic-noise, road accident,
Airshed
A body of air bounded by topographic an/or meteorological features where contaniments, once emmitted are contained
How is PHOTOCHEMICAL SMOG created?
Pollutants react in strong sunlight to produce a number of secondry pollutants collectively known as photochemical smog
DOUGHNUT EFFECT
As people leave, services lose business and can not make enough profit so they close or move away. The loss of services then forces more people to move leaving behing poor people. This cycle continues through generation as children often leave school early. This is the Doughnut effect
Ecocity
A city that makes substantial gains in reducing consumption and increasing sustainable areas.
5 elements of an ecocity
-Context: physical surrounding of a city as well as social and political conditions
-urban structure: the physical reality of the city including land, green space and buildings
-transport: the physical movement of people goods and data into, through, out of the city
-Socio-economics: the social processes and economic life of the city
Energy and material flows- the movement and flow of materials and energy into, through, out of the city

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *