Test two

a long-distance move to a new location; permanent or temporary; change of residence from one administrative unit to another
in-migration = into a country, e.g. Mexico –> USA
out-migration = out of a country/those who leave their country
move from one country to another
occurring within a particular country or region
no choice, e.g. refugees, IDPs, THB, human smuggling, ethnic cleansing
choose to move, e.g. employment, commuting, kinship, lifestyle
Push Factors
issues that drive people FROM a place
Pull Factors
conditions that DRAW people to a new place
permanent change of residenceg
When an ethnic group loses distinctiveness and becomes absorbed into a majority culture.
transfer of money back to home country
Major migratory flows towards Europe come from
South America; Africa; Central Asia; Eastern Europe.
Xenophobic violence
stems from fear, contempt, and hatred of foreigners
Newly Industrializing Countries
Semi- periphery) (K/M p. 261). Account for a higher proportion of Manufacturing Value Added (MVA) than core countries. In a dynamic shift between the periphery and semi-periphery.
Race to the bottom
Transnational Corporations (TNC) move operations around the globe according to which country has the cheapest labor costs. Think of specific examples from the film.
Internally Displaced Person (IDP):
Individuals who are uprooted within the boundaries of their own countries because of conflict or human rights abuses
NGO / nongovernmental organization
The diversity of NGOs strains any simple definition. They include many groups and institutions that are entirely or largely independent of government and that have primarily humanitarian or cooperative rather than commercial objectives.
Development-Induced Displacement
Where people are compelled to move as a result of development policies and projects, such as: large-scale infrastructure projects such as dams
Power, control, domination or influence exercised by a leading state/group/organization/individual over others.
Contested Spaces
Social, Political and Economic Issues
Contested Space
disputed or made the object of contention or competition
population movement caused by the degradation of land and essential natural resources
the notion of being aware of one’s own position and how that position influences the way one behaves in the world. Reflexivity acknowledges one’s various identities (sex, race, class, education) and how these identities and experiences influence how one relates to others.
is the notion that “where we are located in the social structure as a whole and which institutions we are in has effects on how we understand the world.
Situated Knowledge
replaces the traditional conception of scientific practice as the pursuit of a disembodied, inviolable and neutral objectivity with an alternative formulation that stresses embodied physicality, social construction, and cultural politics
Local Knowledge
is knowledge that is located geographically and is historically bounded.
 Local refers to the context in which knowledge is produced

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