Unit 1 vocabulary Chapter 1

Geography
Geography
a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth’s surface.
Hemisphere
the northern or southern half of the earth as divided by the equator or the eastern or western half as divided by a meridian
Relative Location
is not the exact location.
Equator
a circle or circular band dividing the surface of a body into two usually equal and symmetrical parts.
Prime Meridian
the meridian of 0 degrees longitude which runs through the original site of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, and from which other longitudes are reckoned.
International Dateline
an arbitrary line approximately along the 180th meridian designated as the place where each calendar day begins.
Pole
extremity of an axis of a sphere and especially of the earth’s axis.
Latitude
angular distance from some specified circle or plane of reference: as a: angular distance north or south from the earth’s equator measured through 90 degrees (Horizontal)
Parallel
another word for Latitude.
Longitude
angular distance measured on a great circle of reference from the intersection of the adopted zero meridian with this reference circle to the similar intersection of the meridian passing through the object(vertical)
Meridian
a great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the poles (2): the half of such a circle included between the poles.
Globe
a spherical representation of the earth, a celestial body, or the heavens.
Tropic of Cancer
the parallel of latitude that is approximately 231⁄2 degrees north of the equator and that is the northernmost latitude reached by the overhead sun.
Tropic of Cancer
the parallel of latitude that is approximately 231⁄2 degrees north of the equator and that is the northernmost latitude reached by the overhead sun.
Theodolite
a surveyor’s instrument for measuring horizontal and usually also vertical angles.
Compass Rose
a circle graduated to degrees or quarters and printed on a chart to show direction.
Legend
an explanatory list of the symbols on a map or chart.
Scale
a meausurement used for a map.
Cartographer
one that makes maps
Mercator
of, relating to, or drawn on the Mercator projection
Continent
mass of land, mainland.
hydrologic cycle
the sequence of conditions through which water passes from vapor in the atmosphere through precipitation upon land or water surfaces and ultimately back into the atmosphere as a result of evaporation and transpiration —called also hydrological cycle.
topography
the art or practice of graphic delineation in detail usually on maps or charts of natural and man-made features of a place or region especially in a way to show their relative positions and elevations.
Landform
a natural feature of a land surface.
Erosion
the action or process of eroding.
Azimuthal
an arc of the horizon measured between a fixed point (as true north) and the vertical circle passing through the center of an object usually in astronomy and navigation clockwise from the north point through 360 degrees.

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