Unit 2 Flashcards

Geography
cartographer
a maker of maps
thematic map
a map displaying a particular type of information about an area or region
political map
A map that shows political boundariesA map that shows political boundaries
physical map
a map that shows major physical features about a place
latitude
imaginary lines that show distances north or south of the equator
longitude
imaginary lines that show distances east or west of the Prime Meridian
global grid
an imaginary grid on the world created by the intersection of lines of latitude and longitude
relative location
Where a place is location in relation to other places
absolute location
specific or exact location of a place
Equator
the line of latitude that circles Earth halfway between the North and South poles
Prime Meridian
the line of longitude that runs from the north pole to the south pole through Greenwich, England
map distortion
the loss of accuracy that occurs when you try to put a round earth on a flat surface
map projection
a way to map our round earth on a flat surface
hemisphere
A region created when the earth is divided in half
region
an area with at least one characteristic or feature that sets it apart from other areas
vegetation
all the plants and trees in an area
population density
the average number of people who live in a unit area
climate
the pattern of weather over a long period of time
landform
any natural feature of the Earth’s surface that has a distinct shape
economic activity
any action that relates to the making, buying, and selling of goods and services

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