Vocabulary Ch. 11 Sec 1 & 2

Geography
Martin Luther
a German monk who criticized corrupt practices in the Catholic Church and later translated the Bible into German
Florence
a city in Italy that was a center for banking, trade, and manufacturing during the 14th century
Protestant
a person who follows Martin Luther’s ideas about Christianity
Ferdinand Magellan
a Portuguese explorer who sailed west from Spain in 1519 and who eventually arrived in Philippines. His crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Renaissance
an era of creativity and learning in Western Europe from the 14th-16th century
Imperialism
the practice of one country controlling another’s government and economy
Crusades
a series of military expeditions led by Western European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to reclaim the Holy Land from the Muslims
Reformation
16th century movement to change practices within the Roman Catholic Church
Circumnavigate
to sail completely around the world
Christopher Columbus
an Italian explorer who sailed west from Spain in 1492 in oder to find a direct route to Asia
Prince Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who sent explorers down the coast of Africa to find a shortcut to Asia
William Shakespeare
English playwright whose works are still performed today
Leonardo da Vinci
famous Renaissance artist and scientist

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