Water on the Land

Geography
Velocity (geography)
rapidity or speed of motion
Input
the water put in
Transfers/Flows
the movement of water within the hydrological cycle
Stores
places where the water stops in the cycle
Outputs
water leaving the land
Precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail
Infiltration
the process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil
Condensation
the process of changing from a gas to a liquid
Transpiration
water absorbed by plants i.e. through the roots, evaporating into the atmosphere (usually through the leaves)
Through Flow
the movement of water through the soil to a river channel
Interception
refers to precipitation that does not reach the soil, but instead is taken up by leaves and branches of vegetation
Surface run off/Overland flow
occurs when soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water flows over the land
Evaporation
the process of changing from a liquid to a gas
Ground Water Storage
water held in aquifiers below the water table
Percolation
the movement and filtering of fluids through porous materials, usually through the soil to the rock below
Aquifier
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock

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