World Geography Study Guide

Geography
What is the name of the contintents joined together?
Pangaea
What are the invisible lines wrapped around vertically around the earth?
Longitude
What are the 5 terms of geography?
Location,Place,Region,Movement, and Human Enviroment Interaction
Define Peninsula
a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.
Define prairie
a large open area of grassland, especially in the Mississippi River valley
Define Strait
a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two large areas of water.
Define Volcano
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth’s crust.
Define Delta
A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water. 
When writing latitude and longitude which comes first?
Latitude
How do you find latitude and longitude?
By examining the grid on the map
Define Typhoon
a tropical storm in the region of the Indian or western Pacific oceans
Define Samurai
a member of a powerful military caste in feudal Japan
Define Monsoon
a seasonal prevailing wind
Define Qin Shi Huangdi
First chinese emperor
What is significant about the pacific ring of fire?
Ring of volcanoes and earthquakes around the pacific
Why is the ganges river so polluted?
Religious ceremonies and industrail waste
What type of physical feature do the islands of japan make?
Archipelago
How were most of the islands in southeast asia formed?
Volcanoes
What is significant about the location of the suez canal?
Connects the med to the red
What is the product of desalinization?
Fresh water
What are the main characterisitics of islamic architecture?
Arabic script, geometeric shapes, and natural scenes
What is the name for a government based on religion?
Theocracy
Why is the strait of hormuz so important?
Only transportation route to a lot of oil.
What is the functional purpose of wearing clothing from head to toe in the middle east?
Protect you from heat,wind, and the sun
Why are north africa and southwest asia considered one region?
Common cultural elements (Islam)
What is the most dominant climate region in the middle east?
Desert
In what country is the rub al-khali/Empty quarter found?
Saudi arabia
Define child soldier
Someone under 18 forced to joined a organized government organization.
Define Genocide
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Define subsistence farming
Farming that provides enough food for the farmer and his family but not enough for sale 
What country is conflict diamonds most associated with?
Sierra Leone
What was the name of the meeting of european countries to decide how to divide the territories in africa?
Berlin Conference
What group can most of the sub saharan african languages and cultures be traced back to?
Bantu
What are 2 other names for blood diamonds?
Conflict diamonds and war diamonds
Africa is home to what ?
Oldest archaeological sites
Where is the great rift valley? and how was it formed?
Kenya and continental plates pulling apart
What are the three vegetation regions of sub saharan africa?
Sahel,tropical rainforest, and savannah
What is the main religion in europe today?
Christianity
Define welfare state
Government takes care of education, healthcare, and employment of its citizens
How many european nations are part of the european union?
27
How many people were killed in the holocaust?
11 million
What two european countries had a great influence of the development of the U.S?
Greece-Democracy and Rome-Republic
After england gained control of ireland, scotland, and wales, it formed what?
United Kingdom
Which islands make-up the british islands?
Ireland and Great Britain
The iberian peninsula comprises what two modern day countries?
Spain and portugal
What epidemic killed 25 million peuropeans in the fourteenth century?
The black death
What modern day european country has the largest population?
Germany
Which north american mountain range is the oldest?
Appalachians
What are two official languages of canada?
English and french
Who was the french and indian war between?
America and Great Britian
What is the name of the land bridge used by the 1st inhabitants to north america connecting siberia and alaska?
Beringia
Which north american river flow from minnesota to the gulf of mexico?
Mississippi
What southern american city called the hub of the south?
Atlanta
What french term describes people of mixed french and native heritage?
Mestizo
What is the longest mountain range in north america?
Rocky mountains
Define Cerrao
a type of plains community characterized by vegetation ranging from tropical broadleaf woodlands to scrublands, occurring in extensive areas of Brazil.
Define Junta
a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
Define slash and burning farming
of, relating to, or denoting a method of agriculture in which existing vegetation is cut down and burned off before new seeds are sown, typically used as a method for clearing forest land for farming.

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