World Oceans Final

Geography
Amount of Water covering the earth.
75%
What was the first Oceanographic Vessel that studied the ocean?
The Challenger
Alternative food sources from the ocean:
Kelp and fish protein
What is the greatest problem converting salt to fish water?
Cost
What other materials might be used in the ocean?
Nickel
Alternative energy sources availible from the ocean?
I couldn’t hear what she said. She was going too fast. Sorry.
The theory of the origin of the earth is:
Oscillation Theory
The inner core of the earth is formed of:
Solid iron
The outer core of the earth is formed by:
Liquid nickel and iron
The Earth’s atmosphere is made of:
Nitrogen, 02 and CO2
What gases were present when the earth was formed?
Methane, amonia and water vapor
Why is there so much water on earth?
Chemical dissociation, ice comet and outgassing
What hemisphere has more water?
Southern
Which ocean is largest?
Pacific
What ocean is deepest?
Pacific
What ocean is the coldest?
Pacific
Which ocea has a riverlike shape?
Atlantic
The Marianas trench is the:
deepest spot in the ocean
Submarine canyons are found in:
The Central Slope
Submarine canyons are found in:
The Central Slope
A famous German meteorologist:
Alfred Wegner
Plate Tectonics are supported by:
I couldn’t hear what she said.
The Supertcontinent is:
Pangea
According to plate tectonic theory, new crusts are added at:
The Ridge
The most dense rocks on the sea floor are found at:
The ridges
The oldest rocks on the sea floor are found in:
The trenches
The youngest rocks on the sea floor are found in:
The ridges
Submerged volcanic island with a pointed top is a:
Seamount
A submerged volcanic island with a pointed top is a:
guyot
Craters below 1000 meters are called:
salacious rocks
Lithogenic sediments include all but:
gloconites (?)
Salacious oozes are derived from:
Radiolaran sponge spicules
Hydrogenic deposits include:
Manganese Nodules
Terrigenous, lithogenous deposits below the CCD include:
She was talking too fast; sorry.
What does not measure salinity?
Maximum capacity
The average salinity of water is:
35 ppt
In high temperature, carbonate :
forms
In high temperature, silica:
Dissolves
In a high pH carbonate:
forms
In a high pH, silica:
dissolves
In dense (or deep, I can’t read my own writing) water, carbonate:
dissolves
In dense or deep water, silica:
dissolves
Density of water always varies, but is always:
1
The region of maximum density change is called the:
Pyconline
Secchi Disk
Know it, because I don’t.
Water molecules are:
Dipolar
In the ocean, which color is absorbed last:
Blue
What direction do service currents flow:
Counter clockwise
The North Atlantic ocean curve that goes North to South is called the:
Canary something.
When the trade winds decrease (hint: espanol)
El Nino
Waves that go parallel to the coast:
Longshore current
Water is charecterized by:
Water and temperature.
Waves that move out are:
Progressive waves.
Waves that go up and down are called:
Standing seiches
Predictable rise and fall of water is called:
The tides
Breakers are caused by:
Friction
What controls influence wave height?
Fetch, Duration and speed.
Water depth greater than 1/2 L:
swell
Tsunamis are caused byL
Submarine volcanoes
Water buildup next to the shore is called:
Rip current
The minimal tidal range occurs during:
Neap tide
What can prevent beach erosion?
Jetties and groins
Algae is what type of feeder?
Autotroph
Skeletal things in sponges are called:
Spicules
Echinodermatas use what kind of water system?
Water vascular
Kingdom monera are:
Bacteria and viruses
Phylum mollusca includes:
Snails
Arthropoda includes:
Shrimp
An example of a marine reptile is a :
Turtle
A _________ is a Chondrichta
Sting ray
Cnideria without polyp is a:
Cubozoa
A fire coral is a :
Hydrozoa
A jellyfish is a:
Scyphozoa
A marine tree is a:
Mangrove
A reef that is separated by a lagoon is a:
Barrier reef

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