World Regional Geography Final exam

Geography
What is the “DMZ”? Why was it created
“de-militarized zone”. 155 mile-wide, unguarded, uninhabited area.
What is remarkable about the photo of Korean peninsula at night?
There are no lights in North Korea (poor nation, can’t afford electricity)
What is population density?
Usually a number of people per square km or mile
How does population density match with climate regions and physiographic regions?
Most of the population live where it’s moist and warm with lots of water access for trade

North Korea’s famine of 1995:

Name 2 of the causes

  • Sucessive waves of drought and flood
  • loss of Soviet Union support

what is a “chaebol”?

examples of chaebols

Gov’t nurtured small companies into giant conglomerates. Done in S. Korea

 

examples: Samsung, Hundai

Which country, North Korea or South Korea:

has the highest GDP?

is more densely populated?

has more abundant natural resources?

spend a greater percentage of their GDP on the military?

has a capitalist economy?

is the US’s 5th largest trading partner?

North Korea:

more abundant natural resources

spends greater % of GDP on military

;

South Korea:

higher GDP

larger population density

capitalist economy

US’s 5th largest trading partner

“domino theory” (not the political theory, but the economic one)
if a company’s trading partner falls, that company will eventually fall
a closed economy with a goal of self-reliance
Juche
sunshine policy- what is it?

a warming between North and South Korea, started in 2000

;

flares and dies down over time

why are powerful nations supporting reconciliation not reunification for North and South Korea?

Reunification would be very expensive for South Korea.

Reunification would be geopolitically challenging. Involves the supporting powers of each country (US, Japan, Taiwan vs. China, Russia)

Describe why it is that rare wildlife can be found in the DMZ. Name at least 2 species.

there is no human prescence

;

species:

nesting red-crowned and white-naped cranes

black-faced spoonbills

asiatic black bears

amur leopards (world’s rares big cat)

Geographical Imagination: the way people imagine and render spaces and places.

 

what does this mean?

the imaginations of a geographical place that are provoked by certain ideas
Why was Tibet known as “the Roof of the World”?

because it sits above everything else.

 

*It’s known as the “altar of the world” because, not only is it physically elevated, like an altar, but it has so much religious and spiritual importance

Chinese tactics to overtake Tibetan culture and territory: know specific strageties under each heading)

  • military
  • cultural destruction
  • changed geographic borders
  • changed demographics
  • law
  • envioronmental change

military

  • invaded with military force
  • destroyed 6000 monasteries, nunneries, and cultural institutions

;

cultural destruction

destruction of monasteries (which are culturally very significant– places of worship, act as community centers and schools at the same time)

 

changed geographic borders

parts of original Tibet have been incorperated into other Chinese provinces, leaving a smaller autonomous region of Tibet

 

changed demographics

  • population transfer
  • birth control policy

 

law

  • there’s a curfew
  • Tibetan flag can’t be waved
  • can’t have pictures of the Dalai Lama
  • can’t protest the Chinese government

 

environmental change

  • desertification
  • deforestation
  • dam construction
  • endangered species
  • nuclear waste

Chinese view of the changes they have made in Tibet (their point of view)
Chinese have “liberated” Tibetans from a repressive religion, poverty, and “backwardness”
Where is Tibet’s government in exile located today?
Dharmsala, India
examples of Tibetan Communities around the world

Tibetan community of Australia

 

Tibetan community of Ireland

example of fusion of cultural forms
JJI Exile Brothers
Which region of the world has the highest rate of deforestation?
ITCZ (along land near equator)

What were the main reasons for deforestation:

 

in the 1800s:

 

after WW2:

1800s:

exports in rice production
exports of tropical hardwoods

 

After WW2:

use of teak for furniture production

 

Flows of wood go from where to where?
Go from Southeast Asia to North America, Asia, Europe
palm oil is used in
cookie products (Keebler, Oreo, Mrs. Fields, Pepperidge Farm)
problems associated with palm oil:

to create palm oil plantation, forests are clear cut

 

destroys tree crops of indigenous peoples (fruit, rubber)

 

sustainably grown palm oil regulations are not certified, but corperations are getting the sustainable productions

 

understand what Greenpeace has done in this specific case, using ship Esperanza

paint the boat

 

website reporting

 

draw attention to upcoming Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) meetings

 

Stop the Works!: climb-the-anchor chain of cargo ships

    what is the goal of the “ecology monks”
    they want to help local people solve social and environmental problems
    How can South Asia have so much poverty with the high percentage of arable land available?

    high adult illiteracy rates

     

    high % of total population without access to safe water

     

    high % of population without access to sanitation

    reasons for migration to cities in South Asia
    • higher salaries
    • business opportunities
    • anonymity and indiviualism
    • rise in caste status
    • agricutural modernization (reduces rural incomes and jobs)
    • population pressures
    • refugees of drought or flooding

    by 2020, India’s population is expected to exceed that of __________
    China
    Kashmir’s 5 regions: which are Indian and which are Pakistani?

    3 are Indian

     

    2 are Pakistani

    What does “Bollywood” refer to?

    the film industry of India:

    combination of “Bombay” and “Hollywood”

    when was the Hindi Film industry’s “Golden Age”?
    between 1940-1960
    Dr. Bose described the “Masala” (spice) category of films that began to be popular in the 1960s and 1970s. What kinds of movies were these?
    Action and romance films
    What happened to the film industry in India in the early 1990s and why (be sure to talk about the Soviet Union, and the “closed” versus “open” economy of India.)
    After things started to be restructured, the movie culture was changed. An influx of western movies created big impact on Bollywood, but the industry still survived
    What kind of foreign influences are impacting Bollywood films?
    western music world (MTV)
    What is a “playback singer”?
    a singer who’s voice is lip-synched into a movie. actors don’t do their own singing
    maps (examples)

    representations of some aspect of the world

    • temp/alt. zones
    • personal maps
    • cartograms
    • choropleths
    • oil flow/timber flow
    • proportional symbol map
    • olympic medal map

    name some of the physical geography processes we studied
    • deforestation of Africa
    • Galapagos islands
    • formation of atolls
    • Ring of fire
    • rain shadows
    • roaring 40s
    • man-made features (“The World” project, Dubai)
    • plate tectonics
    • gulf stream
    • volcanoes

    examples of globalization
    • increasing speed/slope/scale of global interconnectedness
    • global networks (Emmanuel’s Gift)
    • symbols (McDonalds, Bono, GE, etc.)

    colonialism and neocolonialism (examples)

     

    Political/legal domination

    • Berlin Conference
    • Apartheid in South Africa
    • Triangular Slave Trade
    • spread of religion, culture, economics, sports, etc.
    • rugby in Oceania

    examples of sense of place and identity
    • kids in VT
    • Muslim gender
    • loss of identity as a result colonization
    • Radio Bikini
    • Bad Sugar

    examples of social well-being
    • HDI
    • GDP
    • literacy indicators
    • health and diet indicators
    • life expectancy
    • infant mortality rates
    • Gross Happiness Index
    • gender equity

    examples of development and sustainability
    • agriculture (slash and burn)
    • SE Asia and Haiti deforestation
    • massive development
    • palm oil
    • fossil fuels
    • irrenewable energy
    • “carrying capacity”

    examples of landscape change
    • Haiti
    • development of Dubai
    • Aral Sea
    • Chernobyl
    • deforestation in SE Asia
    • Bikini Island
    • Sakhalin
    • invasive spceies (Rabbits in Australia)

    examples of geopolitics
    • Tibet
    • Kashmir
    • N Korea vs. S Korea
    • OPEC
    • Berlin Conference
    • USSR
    • UN (grew out of WWII)

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