World Religions BHS

Geography
Yahweh
Jewish name for the one god.
Allah
Islamic name for the one god.
Monotheism
Belief in one god.
Polytheism
Belief in more than one god.
Semitic
Originating in the Middle East.
Bible
Christian holy book.
Torah
Jewish holy book.
Koran or Quaran
Islamic holy book.
Church or Cathedral
Christian place of worship.
Synagogue or Temple
Jewish place of worship.
Mosque
Islamic place of worship.
Saturday
Jewish day of worship.
Sunday
Christian day of worship.
5 times every day
Islamic worship or prayer times.
Rabbi
Jewish leader of a congregation.
Priest, Father, Reverend, Pastor, Minister
Christian leader of a congregation.
Iman or Ayatollah, Caliph
Islamic leader of a congregation.
Abraham
Founder of the Jewish religion, and influences both Christian and Islamic religions.
Jesus Christ
Founder of Christianity.
Muhammad or Mohammed
Founder of Islam.
10 Commandments
Rules of Judaism and Christianity.
5 Pillars
Rules of Islam.
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca for Muslims.
Ramadan
Month of fasting during daylight for Muslims.
Easter
Christian celebration of the death and resurrection of Christ.
Muslim
One who submits to Allah, or a follower of Islam.
Jew
A follower of Judaism.
Christian
A follower of Christianity.
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Christian holy site in Jerusalem said to be built over the cave that Jesus was buried and rose from the dead.
Wailing Wall or Solomon’s Temple
Jewish holy site in Jerusalem.
Dome of the Rock
Islamic holy site in Jerusalem
Kaaba or Kaabah
Islamic holy site in Mecca
Mecca
Islamic holy site that you must face when you pray. Site of the Kaaba and destination of the Hajj.
Jerusalem
Holy city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Vatican City
Holy city for Roman Catholics and where the Pope lives and leads congregation.
Animism
Belief in spirits…usually human, animal, plant, and even physical features.
Traditional Religions
Animistic-believe in spirits
Shinto or Shintoism
Japanese version of animism.
Hinduism
Religion centered in India based on the beliefs of reincarnation, caste system, and karma.
Reincarnation
Hindu belief of rebirth based on karma.
Karma
The sum of all the deeds you have done in life, the good and the bad.
Vedas
Early holy book for Hinduism
Caste System
Hindu rigid social system based on occupation.
Siddhartha Gautama
Founder of Buddhism
Buddha
The Enlightened One
Nirvana
The goal of Buddhists, to reach a state of awakening or bliss through meditation.
Religions originating in India
Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism.
Religions originating in China
Confucianism
Confucius
Founder of Confucianism
Zen Garden
Buddhist place of peace and meditation
Stupa
Buddhist house of worship and meditation
Confucianism
System of ethical and philosophical teachings designed to create peace in society
Sikhism
Combination of Islam and Hinduism began in Punjab

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